Jaipur, The Pink City of Rajasthan. Also is the Capital of Rajasthan. The city was founded on 18 November 1727 by Maharaja Jai Singh II, he was the ruler of Amer, after whom the city is named. It is one of the best tourist destinations in India. Because the city has various things for their tourists who come from across the world here to sightseeing and Experience the rich heritage and culture of India. Jaipur witness a huge rush of travelers each year. The entire city is dotted with beautiful palace and forts that display remarkable architectural wonder and attract travelers’ attention. Apart from this, It has many local markets for shopping lovers which give you memorable marketing experience in Chardiwari.
Here are some tourist spots which you should not miss out when you are in Jaipur.
1. Amer Fort- The Amber Palace
If you are planning to visit Pink city then you don’t miss to visit the most popular tourist destination in Jaipur that is the Amber Fort. It is located 11 km from Jaipur City. The fort is known for its artistic style elements, its large ramparts, and series of gates and cobbled paths. Amer fort overlooks at Maota Lake, which was the main source of water for the Amer Palace. The fort is constructed of red sandstone and marble, The main attraction of the palace is the four levels of the courtyard. It consists of the Diwan-e-Khas, or “Hall of Private Audience”, the Diwan-e-Aam, or “Hall of Public Audience”, the Sheesh Mahal (mirror palace), or Jai Mandir, and the Sukh Niwas where a cool climate is artificially created by winds that blow over a water cascade within the palace. Moreover, you can also enjoy the elephant ride at Amer fort is a fantastic experience which you can not forget in your lifetime.
2. Hawa Mahal – The Palace of Winds
Hawa Mahal is one of the best tourist destinations of Jaipur, which was built in 1799 A.D by Maharaja Sawai Pratap Singh. It is a unique five-story exterior, is akin to the honeycomb of a beehive with its 953 small windows called jharokhas through which the breeze flows in and keeps the palace cool. This Mahal was designed by Lal Chand Ustad. The royal family of Jaipur utilized this building as their summer retreat. Hawa Mahal was specially erected for the royal ladies of Jaipur. The aim to build this building was to allow the royal ladies to watch all the activities of the local marketplace without being seen. Since they had to obey the strict rules of “parda” those days, which forbade them from appearing in public without face coverings. It is the best example of a unique combination of Mughal and Rajput architectural styles. The main attraction of this palace Its unique five-story exterior is akin to the honeycomb of a beehive with its 953 small windows called jharokhas decorated with intricate latticework.
3. City Palace – The home of Jaipur Royals
City Palace was built between 1729 to 1732 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II. which was the ruler of Amer. The palace has the seventh part of the total area of Jaipur which is surrounded by battledore. It is a complex of courtyards, gardens, buildings, temples, fountains, pounds, courts, horse stable, workshops, playgrounds and many more. The structure of this palace reflects the fusion of Mughal and Rajput architecture. The city palace is a unique and interesting complex which have several palaces, courtyards, gardens, and temples like Chandra Mahal, Mubarak Mahal, Diwan-e-Aam, Diwan-e-Khas, 36 workshops, and Govind Dev Ji temple. The Chandra Mahal is the residence of the former king of the Jaipur. This palace is a seven-storeyed building and each floor has been given a specific name such as the Sukh-Niwas, Ranga-Mandir, Pitam-Niwas, Chabi-Niwas, Shri-Niwas, and Mukut-Mandir or Mukut Mahal. The entire complex contains many unique paintings, mirror work on walls and floral decorations.
4. Jantar Mantar – The observatory of Jaipur
Jantar Mantar Jaipur is UNESCO World Heritage Sites in India. It was built in 1734 AD, by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, The King of Jaipur. It is a complex of nineteen astronomical observatories, sundials, and other instruments, specifically for the study of celestial objects and is the houses the largest stone sundial in the world. Sawai Jai Singh liked astronomy and he developed this complex to study the positions of celestial bodies and create an accurate astronomical table. For this, he built five observatories in India includes Jaipur, Delhi, Mathura, Ujjain, and Varanasi. The Jantar Mantar is the houses of various architectural astronomy instruments like, The largest sundial, called the Samrat Yantra is used to calculate the local time accurately, The Dakshin Bhitti Yantra – an instrument that measures the meridian, altitude and zenith distance of the celestial bodies and The Jai Prakash Yantra – a hemispherical sundial.
5. Jal Mahal – The Water Palace
Jal Mahal, The water palace of Jaipur, is constructed by Sawai Pratap Singh, in 1799. The palace is located in the middle of Man Sagar Lake in the state capital of Rajasthan. Man Sagar lake is located between the historic city of Amer and Jaipur and has a water spread area of 300 acres. It is a five-story building, of which four floors remain underwater. This Palace attracts lots of tourist because of its beauty and architecture. It is also a romantic place as it is built in red sandstone. It can be the best place for you to clicking some phenomenal photographs, including some of the award-winning night shots.
6. Jaigarh Fort – The Home of the World’s Largest Cannon on Wheels
Jaigarh Fort is located on the Hill of Eagles (CHIL KA TILLA), It was built in 1726 AD by Sawai Jai Singh II. The Fort is located at a height of 500 feet above sea level and offers panoramic views of the surrounding. It is famous for the world’s largest cannon on the wheels called ‘Jaivana Cannon’. There are various other attractions within the fort like Laxmi Vilas, Lalit Mandir, Aram Mandir, and the Vilas Mandir. The fort is also known as the Fort of Victory this particular fort is constructed to store the weapons and other military utilities. It was a major center of artillery production during the Rajputs and Mughals rule. Now visitors can see the used weapons and other war utilities that are preserved and displayed in the fort museum.
7. Nahargarh Fort – A Serene Escape
Nahargarh Fort is one of the most popular destinations of Jaipur among local as well as global tourists. The fort is Reminiscent of Jaipur’s royal past when you walk through its massive gates, beautifully-crafted temples and large courtyards will transport you back in the time of the maharajas. The fort ’s crown offers a spectacular view of Jaipur and the serene Man Sagar Lake. It is a peaceful escape from the hustle and bustle of the city, the fort is situated amidst the majestic Aravalli range and also has accommodation facilities for those who want to extend their visit. You can also enjoy the sunset from Nahargarh Fort.
8. Albert Hall Museum
Albert Hall Museum is the oldest museum of the Rajasthan. The Museum is located in Jaipur city in Ram Niwas Garden. The Foundation stone of the museum was laid in 1876 by the Prince of Wales Albert Edward 7th, after whom the museum is named. It was opened for public in 1887 It is a fine example of Indo-Saracenic architecture. It is also known as the Government Central Museum. The main attraction of this museum is the Egyptian Mummy that is 2300 years old. This Mummy was brought by the ruler Sawai Ishwar Singh in 1887 from Cairo. The museum has a rich collection of artifacts including paintings, jewelry, carpets, ivory, stone, metal sculptures, and works in the crystal. Also, Museum has a collection of coins from the Gupta, Kushan, Delhi Sultanate, Mughal and British periods.